With modern Turkey approaching its 100th anniversary in 2023, Turkey appears headed in neither an Islamist nor a Kemalist direction. Many analysts are at odds about how exactly Turkey has been able to bridge Islam and secularism while maintaining its democratic character. If any country has proven that Islam and democracy can co-exist in the Middle East, it is Turkey. But how is it that Turkey succeeded where other countries in the region have not been able to even take the first step? Can providing basic freedoms to allow a vibrant civil society inclusive of religious groups while maintaining a secular government be a formula for democracy to take root in the Middle East?